|NTP Reliability Proposal for Australia, Canada and New Zealand|
|Canada, Australia and
New Zealand do not exactly have the most internal reliable
national level NTP protocol networks. This inevitably has
some technical repercussions that are not helpful to the
Although it is possible to actively leech NTP time synchronizations from the limited number of universities and governmental institutions, the current number of freely available NTP servers too low in these nations to be in the national interest.
Leeching NTP time from the Asia-Pacific region has its limits in the Southern Hemisphere. Canada's ability to leech from US based NTP servers is helpful, but in the remoter parts of Canada this does not work well.
Clearly, the most of the world's local NTP networks need to be improved. However, this clearly must be done with as little cost as possible to government as reasonably possible. Since 2007 there has been an ongoing global economic downturn, and this downturn has limited the ability for any nation to arbitrarily build a dense high quality Stratum 1 time dissemination network.
|The Post Office Solution|
Historically, the Post Office in Australasia was a source of time signal dissemination from the 1890s to the 1970s.
Both Australia and NZ post offices exited the time dissemination business in the 1970s as the CSRIO and NZRO had essentially taken over the role. Very little has changed since the 1990s when GPS (and GNSS navigation technologies) took over the role of time signal dissemination.
An undersea (and land based) fibre optic cable infrastructure suitable for the dissemination of high resolution time signals has only been in place since the early 2000s, and its coverage is not perfect. However, the overall dependency on exotic technologies that originate outside Australasia to disseminate time signals (and frequency standards) has been an ongoing problem for the past 50 years.
In Canada the Post Office was not significantly involved in time signal dissemination since confederation as the railroads and telegraphy companies provided the service. The NRC and its predecessor government agencies only became involved in national time signal dissimulation in the 1930s. In Canada, private Telecom entities providing time signals has been more of rule for the past 120 years, with the government providing the master clock signals only since the 1940s.
In the current era, GPS (and GNSS) technologies coupled with fibre optic cable links are the way time signals are delivered in Canada -- but it is a patchwork system that ultimately is dependant on a similar nearby US time dissemination infrastructure.
Anyway you look at it, the Post Office -- be it a semi-Private entity or purely a Public owned utility -- is best suited to deliver publicly available time signals via a network of time dissimulation devices. The Post Office meets this criteria as it can disseminate time (of Stratum 1 and Stratum 2) at the lowest possible marginal cost with the largest area of redundant coverage.
There needs to be ongoing research with respect to creating local time delivery technologies (of Stratum 1 or Stratum 2 quality) that are separate from those technologies created outside Australia, NZ or or Canada. This research should be done with open sourced software as well as open sourced hardware. All the technology development should be accessible to the public.
|How many servers does
each nation need, and where should they be?
Servers (and maximal permitted NTP data rate)
|What server designs are
|What are the staffing
requirements for this service?
|Created by||Initial document||Last revised||Last Revision
|Max Power||18 May 2010
||12 September 2013
||Minor text updates